Yohimbe Fuel A guaranteed potency yohimbe bark extract - standardized for Yohimbine. Yohimbine is the active component in Yohimbe bark. Yohimbe Fuel is the most potent yohimbe bark product commercially available and standardized for 8 mg of Yohimbine per capsule. Each Nature's Way Zinc capsule provides 30 mg (200% USRDA) of Zinc (amino acid chelate). Also contains cellulose, maltodextrin, magnesium stearate, and silica. 100 capsules per bottle. Zinc aids in liver detoxification of alcohol; Binds phosphorus to bone matrix; Protein digestion requires Zinc; Coenzyme in energy production; Stabilizes copper Super Oxide Dismutase (SOD). Nature's Way Zinc, chelated with amino acids, is readily absorbed into the system. Zinc is present in all organs, tissues, fluids and secretions of the body. It is essential for cellular reproduction and therefore, growth and repair of all body systems. Zinc is important in the development of sperm and in prostate function. Zinc is a co-factor with vitamin A in vision and it also helps mobilize vitamin A from storage in the liver. Nature's Way Zinc is 100% natural chelated with an advanced amino acid complex for superior absorption. TwinLab Zinc Lozenges - One zinc lozenge supplies 23 mg of elemental zinc derived from zinc free-form amino acid complex and zinc gluconate. One lozenge also contains 30 mg of vitamin C. Twinlab Zinc Lozenges are sweetened with pure crystalline fructose and flavored with whole dried peaches, apricots, and pure liquid honey that has been 100% dried on select grains. Delicious original honey flavor. Zinc lozenges may shorten the length of time of the common cold. Directions: As a dietary supplement, suck one or two lozenges daily, or as directed. 75 lozenges per bottle. Studies: TITLE: Zinc gluconate lozenges for treating the common cold. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study AUTHOR: Mossad SB; Macknin ML; Medendorp SV; Mason P AUTHOR AFFILIATION: Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Ohio, USA. SOURCE: Ann Intern Med 1996 Jul 15;125(2):81-8 ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND. The common cold is one of the most frequent human illnesses and is responsible for substantial morbidity and economic loss. No consistently effective therapy for the common cold has been well documented, but evidence suggests that several possible mechanisms may make zinc an effective treatment. OBJECTIVE. To test the efficacy of zinc gluconate lozenges in reducing the duration of symptoms caused by the common cold. DESIGN. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. SETTING. Outpatient department of a large tertiary care center. PATIENTS. 100 employees of the Cleveland Clinic who developed symptoms of the common cold within 24 hours before enrollment. INTERVENTION. Patients in the zinc group (n = 50) received lozenges (one lozenge every 2 hours while awake) containing 13.3 mg of zinc from zinc gluconate as long as they had cold symptoms. Patients in the placebo group (n = 50) received similarly administered lozenges that contained 5% calcium lactate pentahydrate instead of zinc gluconate. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES. Subjective daily symptom scores for cough, headache, hoarseness, muscle ache, nasal drainage, nasal congestion, scratchy throat, sore throat, sneezing, and fever (assessed by oral temperature). RESULTS. The time to complete resolution of symptoms was significantly shorter in the zinc group than in the placebo group (median, 4.4 days compared with 7.6 days; P 0.001). The zinc group had significantly fewer days with coughing (median, 2.0 days compared with 4.5 days; P = 0.04), headache (2.0 days and 3.0 days; P = 0.02), hoarseness (2.0 days and 3.0 days; P = 0.02), nasal congestion (4.0 days and 6.0 days; P = 0.002), nasal drainage (4.0 days and 7.0 days; P 0.001), and sore throat (1.0 day and 3.0 days; P 0.001). The groups did not differ significantly in the resolution of fever, muscle ache, scratchy throat, or sneezing. More patients in the zinc group than in the placebo group had side effects (90% compared with 62%; P 0.001), nausea (20% compared with 4%; P = 0.02), and bad-taste reactions (80% compared with 30%; P 0.001), CONCLUSION. Zinc gluconate in the form and dosage studied significantly reduced the duration of symptoms of the common cold. The mechanism of action of this substance in treating the common cold remains unknown. Individual patients must decide whether the possible beneficial effects of zinc gluconate on cold symptoms outweigh the possible adverse effects. ZMA Fuel Studies show that by supplementing your diet with specific amounts of zinc and magnesium, you can elevate testosterone levels by as much as 30 percent. Balco Labs has conducted research to determine the exact amount of zinc and magnesium required to replenish an athlete's stores of these precious minerals. Their studies have just been accepted for publication in Sports Medicine, Training, and Rehabilitation Journal. Furthermore, Balco Labs has conducted exhaustive tests with 21 professional bodybuilders and most of the Denver Broncos football team, and all their findings have confirmed Balco Labs' theories. Based on their findings, Balco Labs developed a supplement, called "ZMA." They've also been able to determine that the best dose is 30 mg of zinc and 450 mg of magnesium taken once per day (three capsules taken between dinner and bed time). 90 Capsules per bottles. Each Capsule Contains: Zinc: 10mg (Monomethionine/Asparate) Magnesium: 150mg (Aspartate) Vitamin B-6: 3.5mg Suggested Use: Three Capsules Daily for Men, or Two Capsules Daily for Women, Between Dinner and Bedtime as a Dietary Supplement or as Recommended by a Physician. For best results, take on an empty stomach, or avoid taking with foods and supplements containing calcium. Serving Size: 3 Capsules Servings Per Container: 30 3 capsules contains: Zinc(as monomethionine and aspartate): 30 mg Magnesium(as aspartate): 450 mg Vitamin B6(as pyridoxine hydrochloride): 10.5 mg Zinc and magnesium are of vital importance to optimal performance: ZINC A deficiency decreases muscle strength and endurance. Zinc is an anabolic element and promotes healing, tissue repair, and muscle growth. Zinc also increases the effect of Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1, Growth Hormone, and Testosterone. In addtion, many of the enzymes that prevent the buildup of lactic acid (the "fatigue acids") require zinc. MAGNESIUM A deficiency decreases oxygen delivery to muscle tissue. Magnesium promotes muscle strength, endurance, and relaxation. Magnesium also activates enzymes necessary for the metabolism of carbohydrates and amino acids. The body's maximum daily release of growth hormone occurs about 90 minutes after going to sleep. Both zinc and magnesium increase the effect of growth hormone. Zinc also promotes the anabolic effect of testosterone, and magnesium increases muscle relaxation. Healing, tissue repair, and muscle growth are maximized during sleep. This is the reason it is recommended that ZMA be taken between dinner and bedtime. Benefits received by utilizing ZMA in conjunction with an effective exercise program can include: Increased muscle strength and endurance. A decrease in muscle cramps and pulls. Faster healing and recovery from injuries. Improved concentration and alertness. Decreased water retention. Deeper relaxation during sleep. Twinlab ZMA Fuel is sourced from Scientific Nutrition for Advanced Conditioning (SNAC). A Novel Zinc and Magnesium Formulation (ZMA) Increases Anabolic Hormones and Strength in Athletes L. R. Brilla, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA 98225, and V. Conte, BALCO Laboratories, Burlingame, CA 94010. A double-blind, randomized study was conducted to determine the effect of a novel zinc and magnesium formulation (ZMA) on anabolic hormone levels and strength in athletes. Members of the University football team (n=27) had blood collected at the beginning and end of an 8 week period of intensive training. Subjects were supplemented with ZMA (n=12) or placebo (n=15) for the 8 weeks. The ZMA group took 3 capsules nightly that contained a total of 30 mg of ZN as monomethionine/aspartate, 450 mg of Mg as aspartate and 10.5 mg of vitamin B-6. The plasma Zn and Mg levels increased in the ZMA group by 29.1% (.804 to 1.038 mcg/ml) and 6.2% (19.43 to 20.63 mcg/ml), respectively, while levels decreased in the placebo group by 4.4% (.836 to .799 mcg/ml) and 9.2% (19.68 to 18.04 mcg/ml), respectively. The total and free testosterone levels in serum increased in the ZMA group by 32.4% (567.9 to 752.7 ng/dl) and 33.5% (132.1 to 176.3 pg/mL), respectively, in contrast to the placebo group which decreased by 10.5% (588.8 to 526.8 ng/dL) and 10.2% (141.0 to 126.6 pg/mL), respectively. The serum IGF-1 levels increased in the ZMA group by 3.6% (424.2 to 439.3 ng/mL) and decreased in the placebo group by 21.5% (437.3 to 343.3 g/mL). All comparisons were statistically significant (P 0.001). Pre and post isokenetic strength determinations in newton meters were made using a Biodex dynamometer. Subjects (ZMA n=10; placebo n=11) were measured for maximum quadricep strength on the right leg at 180 degrees per sec (strength) and 300 degrees per second (functional power). The ZMA strength group change at 180 degrees per second was 11.6% (189.9 to 211.8) compared to the placebo group change of +44.6% (204.2 to 209.1) and the ZMA group change at 300 degrees per sec. was +18.2% (316.5 to 373.7), in contrast to the +9.4% (369.5 to 404.3) for the placebo group (P 0.05). These findings suggest that nightly supplementation with ZMA significantly increases Zn and Mg levels, anabolic hormone levels as well as strength and power in athletes. Sports Medicine, Training and Rehabilitation Journal, November 1998 (in press) Twinlab Ironman Bars Comprised of 40% carbohydrates, 30% protein, and 30% fat which has been popularized by the Zone diet. Enhances athletic performance and helps build lean muscle mass when included as part of a balanced diet and exercise program Cookie Dough - This uncoated bar has the taste and texture of freshly mixed cookie dough with a scattering of chocolate chips. Coffee Crunch - A Mocha flavored interior. Chocolate coated. FBLOCK Chitosan is a marine fiber that binds to some of the dietary fat that you consume and removes it from the body rather than allowing it to be absorbed. Chitosan can also be used for adding fiber to your diet. There are plenty of chitosan products out there, but only a handful contain the purest of pure chitosan. FBlock by Absolute Nutrition is a superior fat absorber. FBlock's chitosan ingredient is unsurpassed in it's quality and purity. FBlock's chitosan goes through a process called deacetylation, which refers to the removal of acetyl groups. This is a process that increases the solubility of the chitosan fiber. But there's more. The digestive enzyme Lipase is added to FBlock to help in emulsifying the fats that you ingest, making it a superior fat absorber. That's why it's called FBlock Xtra. FBlock is also fortified with calcium and vitamin C. The vitamin C aids in boosting the effectiveness of chitosan and the calcium is for healthy bones. Suggested Use: As part of a diet and exercise program, to achieve results, take 2 capsules 1/2 hour prior to meals with a full 8 oz. glass of water. Supplement Facts Serving Size: 2 Capsules Servings Per Container: 45 Vitamin C (as an ascorbic acid): 100mg Chitosan (marine fiber concentrate): 1000mg Lipase: 300LU Calcium Sulfate: 150mg Vegetable Cellulose: 100mg Other Ingredients: gelatin, vegetable magnesium stearate and silica Note: This product is derived from shellfish. If you are allergic or sensitive to shellfish, you should avoid this product. Any fat soluble vitamins (A, D, E & K), medications, or fatty acids should be taken at least 4 hours before or after ingestion of this product and should not be used by women pregnant or nursing. Chitosan reportedly binds to some of the dietary fat that you consume and removes it from the body rather than allowing it to be absorbed. Chitosan can also be used for adding fiber to your diet. While taking products containing Chitosan, make sure you getting extra amounts of the fat-soluble vitamins because some of it may bind to the Chitosan as well. The fat soluble vitamins are A,D,E, and K. Also, you may want to take Coenzyme Q-10 since that also is fat soluble. It would be great if the product would only bind to saturated fats and leave the unsaturated fats and fat soluble vitamins, but unfortunately it doesn't work that way, so you may also want to take an essential fatty acid (EFA) supplement like The Total EFA or flax oil to make sure you're getting (and absorbing) enough EFAs. The following Chitosan products are very similar to the Fat Absorb, Fat Binder, Absorbitol and Minus Fat products as well as The Fat Blocker Diet by Dr. Arnold Fox that you may have heard about. These products all contain Chitosan. We now have Chitosan available in a large, economical bottle from Natrol. It contains 500 mg of Chitosan per capsule. Each capsule provides: 500 mg Chitosan (90%-95% DeAcetylated) Magnesium Stearate Silica Gelatin 360 capsules per bottle. As a dietary supplement, take 2 capsules 1/2 hour before lunch and 2 capsules 1/2 hour before dinner. For maximum benefits, drink at least 8 ounces of water per day. Any fat soluble vitamin (A,D,E, and K), medication, or fatty acid should be taken at least 4 hours before or after ingestion of Chitosan. Note: This product is derived from shellfish. If you are sensitive or allergic to any form of shellfish, you may wish to avoid the use of this product. This product is for adult use only and should not be taken when pregnant or nursing. Diet Fuel - Chitosan Formula We now have a new second version of Diet Fuel with no Ma Huang. It contains 500 mg Chitosan per capsule. Chitosan is derived from chitin, an amino polysaccharide fiber found in the shells of crawfish, lobster, and other shellfish. Chitosan goes through a process called deacetylation, which refers to the removal of acetyl groups. This process increases activity by improving solubility. The chitosan is 90%-95% DeAcetylated and meets the highest standards for quality and purity. It is not digestible and therefore has no caloric value. This product is manufactured at Twinlab's own state-of-the-art facilities with stringent quality control assuring correct potancies and outstanding product freshness. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN. Supplement Facts: Serving Size: 2 Capsules Servings Per Container: 90 Amount Per 2 Capsules Calories: 0 Total Carbohydrates: 1g Dietary Fiber: 1g Chitosan ( fiber ): 1000mg (90-95% Deacatylated) Other Ingredients: Cellulose, Gelatin, Purified Water, Magnesium Sterate, MCT. Directions: As a part of a diet and exercise program program, to achieve results, take two capsules 1/2 hour before breakfast, lunch and dinner. Always take with 8 fl. oz. of liquid. Note: This product is derived from shellfish. If you are sensitive or allergic to any form of shellfish, you may wish to avoid the use of this product. Any fat-soluble vitamins (A,D,E and K), medications or fatty acid should be taken at least 4 hours before or after ingestion. This product is for adults only and should not be taken when pregnant or nursing. Fat Bloc (formerly ChitoPro) from Ultimate Nutrition is a 100% Pure Chitosan product. Each capsule contains 500 mg of premium Chitosan extracted from shell fish. 90 capsules per bottle. People are concerned about how they look and are preoccupied with weight and weight loss. However, despite this concern about weight, more and more of us are becoming overweight. In fact, latest reports show that even children in our society are not immune to it. It is small wonder, then, that we are looking for natural alternatives to weight management and weight control. Among them, chitosan stands out for its ability to trap fat before it is absorbed in the body. Chitosan is a naturally occurring fiber derived from the complex sugar (polysaccharide) found in the shells (exoskeletons) of shrimp, crabs and other shellfish. Chitosan has the capacity to bind lipids and fats. More importantly, since it is not digested, chitosan has no calories. Suggested usage: Take 2 Capsules with 8 oz of water 3 times daily before meals. Warning: Not to be consumed by anyone allergic to shell fish. Upon oral ingestion, chitosan binds to the intestinal lining, where it tightly binds dietary fats and lipids before they are absorbed in the body. As a result, the dietary fat is prevented from entering into the bloodstream. When dietary fat is bound to the chitosan fiber, it becomes a large mass, which cannot be absorbed in the body. Chitosan fibers differ in their structure from other fibers in that chitosan possesses a net positive charge. This positive charge attracts negative charges on the fats, lipids and bile acids. Since chitosan fiber is not metabolized, it is cleared from the body along with the fat in the fecal material. Published reports have shown that chitosan works in concert with vitamin C. It has been suggested that the action of chitosan may be enhanced by as small an amount of vitamin C as 10 mg. Used alone, ingestion of 500 mg chitosan before a meal rich in fat helps reduce "bad" (LDL) cholesterol. The "bad" cholesterol is bound to bile acids secreted by the liver into the intestine, where its reabsorption is prevented by chitosan fibers. This dietary fiber is an indispensable adjunct to a balanced weight management program. Fibers also play an important role in cleansing the gastrointestinal tract, which stimulates the digestive processes and promotes intestinal health. SELECTED REFERENCES Kanauchi et al., Biomaterials: 18, 591-595, 1997 Razdan & Pettersson, Br. J. Nutr.: 72, 277-288, 1994 The ARS Medicina Report on Chitosan, Helsinki, Finland, 1994 FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS Is There Any Allergic Reaction to Chitosan? This product should avoided by people who are allergic to shellfish. Under What Condition(s) is the Use of Chitosan is Not Recommended? Chitosan is for adult consumption only, and should not be used by pregnant or nursing women. Does Chitosan Interfere with the Action of Vitamins? Being a dietary fiber with numerous beneficial effects, including intestinal health, chitosan should not interfere with the action of other wholesome remedies. In fact, chitosan works more efficiently even with small amounts with vitamin C. How and When Should Chitosan be Taken? Chitosan works best if taken roughly 30 minutes before a meal. It should be taken with generous amounts of nutritious fluids. Chitosan Plus A unique and natural source of fiber, Chitosan has the amazing ability to bind to fats and cholesterol, encapsulating them before they can be absorbed by the body. Chitosan can trap as much as seven times its weight in fat. Studies have shown that Chitosan can effectively lower serum cholesterol levels. Chitosan not only lowers harmful LDL and VLDL levels, but it also raises beneficial HDL levels. Enhanced with Psyllium and Oat Bran for added benefits. Each 2 capsule serving contains: Chitosan: 1000mg Psyllium Husk: 150mg Oat Bran: 150mg Other Ingredients: Gelatin, Magnesium Stearate, Stearic Acid. Suggested Use: Take 1-2 capsules with 12 oz. of water before each meal, or as directed by a Healthcare professional. Not to exceed 6 capsules per day. As with all weight loss regimens, be sure to maintain a well balanced diet, and to take plenty of fiber and water. Ultimate Nutrition's Super Complete Capsules is a great multivitamin and multimineral supplement for those needing more than the daily recommended allowances. Especially good for people involved in rigorous daily exercise. Super Complete is designed to provide the essential nutrients necessary to maintain good health, especially under a heavy stress regimen, common in most body building routines. At nine capsules per day, each bottle of 270 capsules is a one month's supply. 9 Ultimate Nutrition's Super Complete Capsules contain: Vitamin A 10,000 IU 200% Rose Hips Powder 20 mg * Vitamin D 400 IU 100% Hesperdin 20 mg * Vitamin E 400 IU 1333% Acerola Cherry 10 mg * Vitamin B-1 100 mg 6666% Glutamic Acid HCL 100 mg * Vitamin B-2 100 mg 5882% Betaine HCL 100 mg * Vitamin B-6 100 mg 5000% Calcium 1000 mg 100% Vitamin B-12 100 mcg 1666% Magnesium 500 mg 125% Niacinamide 100 mg 500% Iodine 150 mcg 100% Pantothenic Acid 100 mg 1000% Potassium 95 mg * Folic Acid 400 mcg 100% Iron 30 mg 166% Biotin 300 mcg 100% Zinc 22.5 mg 150% Choline 100 mg * Manganese 10 mg * Insitol 100 mg * Copper 3 mg 150% PABA 100 mg * Boron 3 mg * Vitamin C 1500 mg 2500% Chromium 200 mcg * Bioflavonoids 250 mg * Selenium 50 mcg * Rutin 50 mg * * No US RDA has been established

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