Ascorbyl Palmitate (Fat Soluble Vitamin C) 500 mg - 60 Capsules Serving Size: 1 Capsule with each meal Serving per container: 60 What is it? ASCORBYL PALMITATE is a fat (lipid) soluble VITAMIN C, which means it is more stable and won't flush out of your system like water soluble VITAMIN C (Ascorbic Acid) supplements. Because of its solubility in fats, ASCORBYL PALMITATE may be more effective as an antioxidant in preventing lipid peroxidation than water soluble VITAMIN C. You may require less dosage, because it is not being wasted. ASCORBYL is the VITAMIN C component. PALMITATE is the fat soluble part. The two together are a chemical bond making one molecule. 500mg of ASCORBYL PALMITATE supplies 225mg of VITAMIN C. Many people think VITAMIN C is just used to prevent and cure the common cold, but it also has many other important functions. The main role of VITAMIN C is in the manufacture of collagen. This protein forms the basis of connective tissue, the most abundant tissue in the body, and acts as a cementing substance between cells. It helps support and protect blood vessels, bones, joints, organs and muscles. It forms a sizable proportion of skin, tendons, the cornea of the eye, ligaments, cartilage, teeth and bone. Collagen forms a protective barrier against infection and disease, and promotes healing of wounds, fractures and bruises. The symptoms of a lack of VITAMIN C, mainly due to poorly formed collagen, include the breaking open of small blood vessels, the reddening and bleeding of gums, loose teeth, joint pains, dry scaly skin and blood vessel damage. Other symptoms include general weakness, fluid retention, depression and anemia. A lack of VITAMIN C could eventually lead to scurvy. VITAMIN C is critical to immune function and is a powerful antioxidant. High intakes of it has shown to lower the risk for cancers of the oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, colon and lung. VITAMIN C also plays a role in the manufacture of neurotransmitter. It is necessary for the conversion of tryptophan to serotonin, and of tyrosine to dopamine and adrenaline. VITAMIN C is important in the synthesis of adrenal hormones and is depleted from the adrenal glands in times of stress. VITAMIN C is involved in the manufacture of carnitine, a substance necessary for the production of energy from fatty acid in cells. It is necessary for the activity of the enzyme system, which metabolizes drugs in the body. It is also necessary for iron absorption and plays a role in the conversion of cholesterol to bile acids for excretion. What does it do? More Stable than Water Soluble Supplements Manufactures Collagen Protects Blood Vessels, Bones, Joints, Organs & Muscles Protects against Infection and Disease Promotes Healing of Wounds, Fractures and Bruises Critical to the Immune Function Powerful Antioxidant Lowers risks of some cancers Dosage Recommendation: Take 1 capsule with each meal, or as directed by your qualified health consultant. Ester-C The human body cannot manufacture its own Vitamin C and must obtain this essential nutrient through diet and/or supplementation. Doctor-recommended Ester-C is now recognized as one of the leading brands of Vitamin C. Ester-C is manufactured through a water-based, patented process which results in a form of Vitamin C which is pH-Neutral so it's gentle on the stomach. This patented, high quality ascorbate complex is manufactured utilizing a unique process combining non-acidic Calcium Ascorbate with specific metabolites, like Threonic Acid. Directions: Take 1 or more tablets daily with meals or as instructed by your healthcare professional. Serving size: 1 tablet Supplement Facts Amount Per Serving % Daily Value Vitamin C (as Calcium Abscorbate) 500 mg 833% Calcium (as Calcium Abscorbate) 50 mg 5% CONTAINS NO:Yeast,Wheat,Corn,Milk,Egg,Soy,Glutens,Animal Derivatives,Artificial Colors,Added Sugar,Starch or Preservatives. Other Ingredients: Vegetable Glycerides Stearic Acid Cellulose Gum Silica Magnesium Stearate Ester-C Maximum Defense With 250 mg Echinacea - A Superb, Immune System-Boosting Formula Ester-C Maximum Defense With Pycnogenol - A Super Antioxidant Formula Ester-C Tablets w/ Bioflavonoids - Contains 200 mg Lemon Bioflavonoid Complex (Extracts from Lemons) Liquid Ester C Directions: shake well before each use. Contents may settle. Adults and children four years of age and older, take two teaspoons (10ml) per day with a meal. Children 1 to 3 years of age, take one teaspoon (5ml) per day. Serving Size 2 teaspoons Amount Per Serving % Daily Value Vitamin C (from Ester-C Calcium Ascorbate) 250 mg 417% Calcium (from Ester-C calcium Ascorbate) 25 mg 2% Pure Bioflavonoids (Rutin, Quercetin and Hesperidi 10 mg *Daily value not established Other Ingredients: -Tropical Fruit Extracts from: Acerola, Cashew Fruit, Passion Fruit, Orange and Lime -Full Range Ascorbate Power with Vitamin C Metabolites. -Pure Bioflavonoids (Rutin, Quercetin, Hesperidin). -Tropical Fruit extracts from Acerola, Cashew Fruit, Passion Fruit, Orange and Lime. -Naturally sweetened with Brown Rice Syrup and Honey. -100% Vegetarian formula -Yeast free. No artificial colorings or flavorings added. -Delicious Tasting Natural Flavor. TwinLab C-500 Caps One hard gelatin capsule supplies 500 mg of pure crystalline vitamin C (ascorbic acid). 100 capsules per bottle. Vitamin C VITAMIN C is responsible for a wide range of functions including strengthening of the body's immune system, maintenance of collagen for healthy connective tissues, and stimulation of adrenal glands. Optimum uses 100% pure crystalline Vitamin C. Each capsule contains 1000 mg of pure crystalline Vitamin C. Twin Lab Ester-C w/Citrus Bioflavonoids A unique ascorbate complex bound to calcium from calcium carbonate. This product also contains a citrus bioflavonoid complex. One tablet supplies: Vitamin C (from Ester C calcium ascorbate): 500 mg Calcium (from Ester C calcium ascorbate): 50 mg Citrus Bioflavonoid Complex: 200 mg Ester C is a licensed trademark of Inter-Cal Corporation. 500 mg per capsule. Ester C is a pH-neutral, non-acidic, pH-neutral ascorbate manufactured by the Inter-Cal Corporation of Prescott, Arizona USA under U.S. Patent No. 4,822,816. During the water-based manufacturing process, ascorbic acid is neutralized and fully reacted with a mineral such as sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, or zinc. Ester-C is the only mineral ascorbate containing C metabolites, including threonate, that have been shown in laboratory research studies to aid in the transport of vitamin C by the cells. The Ester-C mineral ascorbates are gentler in the gastrointestinal tract and are better tolerated because they lack the acidity of ordinary ascorbic acid supplements, which further acidify the already low pH of the stomach's gastric juice. One negative side-effect of continued large doses of usual forms of vitamin C is gastrointestinal discomfort and diarrhea. These effects are due in large part to the acidity of ascorbic acid itself. A new technology has been developed to manufacture a vitamin C product that circumvents many of these problems. At the same time, this new process introduces an important metabolite of vitamin C so it is present along with ascorbate when the supplement is taken. The Inter-Cal Corporation of Prescott, AZ utilizes a unique manufacturing process that neutralizes the acidity of ascorbic acid and standardizes the level of threonate, which has been shown in preliminary studies with animals and human subjects to influence so it can work synergistically to speed the absorption and utilization of vitamin C. This technology has received U.S. Patent No. 4,822,816 (Markham, 1989).The ascorbate/C metabolite complex is sold under the tradename Ester-C ascorbate and is produced in five different mineral forms: calcium, magnesium, zinc, potassium, and sodium. The composition of the Ester-C mineral ascorbates has been worked out largely through the efforts of Dr. Seth Rose, Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry at Arizona State University. He applied nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques to identify various constituents of the Ester-C products and to quantitate these components for quality control and research/development activities. Dr. Rose's work was instrumental in quantitating the amount of the C metabolites threonate, lyxonate, and xylonate present in the Ester-C products. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) studies have also been used to quantitate the amount of threonate present. Both NMR and HPLC have confirmed that pure ascorbic acid and pure calcium ascorbate do not contain these aldonic acid metabolites. This family of products has been tested in many different situations where high-dose vitamin C supplementation is used. It is now available for use in a variety of nutritional, topical, dental, and veterinary applications. The way in which vitamin C is neutralized during manufacturing produces the natural metabolites of vitamin C and makes Ester-C ascorbates Body-Ready.A number of studies have been conducted to explore the capabilities of Ester-C mineral ascorbates and to document biological actions. Nature's Way C-1000 Caps with Rose Hips One capsule provides 1000 mg of Vitamin C (ascorbic acid). Also contains rose hips, magnesium stearate, cellulose, and silica. 100 capsules per bottle. Vitamin C maintains white blood cell function and provides antioxidant protection; Strengthens collagen protein required for normal brain function; Protects coenzyme activity of folacin and biotin necessary for maintenance of hormone receptor sites; Helps convert cholesterol into bile for digestive function required for fat metabolism involving carnitine. Vitamin C provides antioxidant protection for many of the body's important enzyme systems;White blood cells (neutrophils) utilize vitamin C to help produce cytotoxic enzymes which they use to eliminate foreign matter; It also helps strengthen collagen, a major connective protein. Vitamin C also plays an important role in the P450 enzyme detoxification system and in carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism. Each Nature's Way Zinc capsule provides 30 mg (200% USRDA) of Zinc (amino acid chelate). Also contains cellulose, maltodextrin, magnesium stearate, and silica. 100 capsules per bottle. Zinc aids in liver detoxification of alcohol; Binds phosphorus to bone matrix; Protein digestion requires Zinc; Coenzyme in energy production; Stabilizes copper Super Oxide Dismutase (SOD). Nature's Way Zinc, chelated with amino acids, is readily absorbed into the system. Zinc is present in all organs, tissues, fluids and secretions of the body. It is essential for cellular reproduction and therefore, growth and repair of all body systems. Zinc is important in the development of sperm and in prostate function. Zinc is a co-factor with vitamin A in vision and it also helps mobilize vitamin A from storage in the liver. Nature's Way Zinc is 100% natural chelated with an advanced amino acid complex for superior absorption. Study: Zinc deficiency may lower testosterone levels TwinLab Zinc Lozenges - One zinc lozenge supplies 23 mg of elemental zinc derived from zinc free-form amino acid complex and zinc gluconate. One lozenge also contains 30 mg of vitamin C. Twinlab Zinc Lozenges are sweetened with pure crystalline fructose and flavored with whole dried peaches, apricots, and pure liquid honey that has been 100% dried on select grains. Delicious original honey flavor. Zinc lozenges may shorten the length of time of the common cold. Directions: As a dietary supplement, suck one or two lozenges daily, or as directed. 75 lozenges per bottle. Studies: TITLE: Zinc gluconate lozenges for treating the common cold. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study AUTHOR: Mossad SB; Macknin ML; Medendorp SV; Mason P AUTHOR AFFILIATION: Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Ohio, USA. SOURCE: Ann Intern Med 1996 Jul 15;125(2):81-8 ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND. The common cold is one of the most frequent human illnesses and is responsible for substantial morbidity and economic loss. No consistently effective therapy for the common cold has been well documented, but evidence suggests that several possible mechanisms may make zinc an effective treatment. OBJECTIVE. To test the efficacy of zinc gluconate lozenges in reducing the duration of symptoms caused by the common cold. DESIGN. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. SETTING. Outpatient department of a large tertiary care center. PATIENTS. 100 employees of the Cleveland Clinic who developed symptoms of the common cold within 24 hours before enrollment. INTERVENTION. Patients in the zinc group (n = 50) received lozenges (one lozenge every 2 hours while awake) containing 13.3 mg of zinc from zinc gluconate as long as they had cold symptoms. Patients in the placebo group (n = 50) received similarly administered lozenges that contained 5% calcium lactate pentahydrate instead of zinc gluconate. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES. Subjective daily symptom scores for cough, headache, hoarseness, muscle ache, nasal drainage, nasal congestion, scratchy throat, sore throat, sneezing, and fever (assessed by oral temperature). RESULTS. The time to complete resolution of symptoms was significantly shorter in the zinc group than in the placebo group (median, 4.4 days compared with 7.6 days; P 0.001). The zinc group had significantly fewer days with coughing (median, 2.0 days compared with 4.5 days; P = 0.04), headache (2.0 days and 3.0 days; P = 0.02), hoarseness (2.0 days and 3.0 days; P = 0.02), nasal congestion (4.0 days and 6.0 days; P = 0.002), nasal drainage (4.0 days and 7.0 days; P 0.001), and sore throat (1.0 day and 3.0 days; P 0.001). The groups did not differ significantly in the resolution of fever, muscle ache, scratchy throat, or sneezing. More patients in the zinc group than in the placebo group had side effects (90% compared with 62%; P 0.001), nausea (20% compared with 4%; P = 0.02), and bad-taste reactions (80% compared with 30%; P 0.001), CONCLUSION. Zinc gluconate in the form and dosage studied significantly reduced the duration of symptoms of the common cold. The mechanism of action of this substance in treating the common cold remains unknown. Individual patients must decide whether the possible beneficial effects of zinc gluconate on cold symptoms outweigh the possible adverse effects. UI - 97029509 AU - Prasad AS ; Mantzoros CS ; Beck FW ; Hess JW ; Brewer GJ TI - Zinc status and serum testosterone levels of healthy adults. AB - Zinc deficiency is prevalent throughout the world, including the USA. Severe and moderate deficiency of zinc is associated with hypogonadism in men. However, the effect of marginal zinc deficiency on serum testosterone concentration is not known. We studied the relationship between cellular zinc concentrations and serum testosterone cross-sectionally in 40 normal men, 20 to 80 y of age. In four normal young men (27.5 +/- 0.5 y), we measured serum testosterone before and during marginal zinc deficiency induced by restricting dietary zinc intake. We also measured serum testosterone in nine elderly men (64 +/- 9 y) who were marginally zinc deficient before and after 3 to 6 mo of supplementation with 459 mumol/ d oral zinc administered as zinc gluconate. Serum testosterone concentrations were significantly correlated with cellular zinc concentrations in the cross-sectional study (lymphocyte zinc versus serum testosterone, r = 0.43, p = 0.006; granulocyte zinc versus serum testosterone, r = 0.30, p = 0.03). Dietary zinc restriction in normal young men was associated with a significant decrease in serum testosterone concentrations after 20 weeks of zinc restriction (baseline versus post-zinc restriction mean +/- SD, 39.9 +/- 7.1 versus 10.6 +/- 3.6 nmol/L, respectively; p = 0.005). Zinc supplementation of marginally zinc-deficient normal elderly men for six months resulted in an increase in serum testosterone from 8.3 +/- 6.3 to 16.0 +/- 4.4 nmol/L (p = 0.02). We conclude that zinc may play an important role in modulating serum testosterone levels in normal men. RN - 57-85-2 (Testosterone) ; 7440-66-6 (Zinc) MH - Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Comparative Study ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; *Food, Fortified ; Granulocytes/ *CHEMISTRY ; Human ; Lymphocytes/*CHEMISTRY ; Male ; Middle Age ; Support, Non-U.S. Gov't ; Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. ; Testosterone/BIOSYNTHESIS/*BLOOD ; Time Factors ; Zinc/ ADMINISTRATION & DOSAGE/*BLOOD/DEFICIENCY SO - Nutrition 1996 May;12(5):344-8 Accu-Measure Personal Body Fat Tester YOURS FREE! This $15.00 value can be yours absolutely FREE with your online purchase of $75.00 or more at! While Supplies Last! Doctors, personal trainers, and nutritionists recommend the periodic measurement of body fat for maintaining proper health status. Enjoy the ability to measure body fat easily by yourself, in the privacy of your own home, with the reliability and accuracy that is expected of today's registered medical devices. Recommended by Bill Phillips in Body-for-LIFE and endorsed by the World Natural Bodybuilding Federation, Accu-Measure Personal Body Fat Testers have gold standard accuracy to within 1.1% of underwater weighing results! Accu-Measure Personal Body Fat Testers are easy to use in the privacy of your home, with superior accuracy and reliability. Since the majority of fat on the body is located directly under the skin, a very efficient and practical way to measure your body fat percentage is skinfold measurement - the scientific approach to the time-honored "pinch an inch" method. The Accu-Measure Personal Body Fat Tester is a precision instrument which has been shown in clinical studies to be closer in accuracy to the "gold standard" underwater weighing than any of the more elaborate methods of measuring body fat (without the inconvenience, expense, trained personnel, and lack of privacy these methods entail). No more underwater weighing or expensive testing required for body fat measurement! Accu-Measure Personal Body Fat Testers are manufactured with Delrin, a thermoplastic polymer from DuPont. Delrin products have gained widespread recognition for performance reliability in thousands of products used worldwide in consumer goods, healthcare, transportation, appliance, industrial machinery, and electronics industries. Delrin enables Accu-Measure Personal Body Fat Testers to last through thousands of uses and for Accu-Measure to stand behind its accuracy, durability, and reliability with an unconditional lifetime guarantee. The United States Patent and Trademark office awarded the patent to Accu-Measure in 1992 for a skinfold caliper for an individual to accurately and inexpensively measure one's own body fat. AccuFitness also has patents in Canada, France, Germany, Spain, Italy, and the United Kingdom. Unique, patented features include an audible and a tactile "click" when the predetermined pressure level is reached for accurate body fat measurement. The "click and feel" approach help an individual generate accurate, repeatable, and reliable results. Measuring the fat content at a particular site on your body to determine your total body fat is a matter of "sampling". Just as a doctor can do a complete blood profile with a small sample of blood or political pollsters can predict how the entire country will vote based on a representative sample of voters, it is possible to determine total body fat from measuring the fat content at a representative site on the body. After using underwater weighing as the criterion to determine the total body fat on thousands of men and women, experts were then able to use skinfold calipers to determine particular "sample" sites where fat content correlated highest and was most representative of total body fat; the suprailliac being one of the top sites. Keep in mind that areas of the body which have the most fat aren't necessarily the best sites to determine total body fat percentage. The best sites are those which reflect increases or decreases in proportion to increases or decreases in total body fat; thus making them a good "representative sample." Using The Accu-Measure Personal Body Fat Tester Accu-Measure Personal Body Fat Testers are easy to use in the privacy of your home, with superior accuracy and reliability. Since the majority of fat on the body is located directly under the skin, a very efficient and practical way to measure your body fat percentage is skinfold measurement - the scientific approach to the time-honored "pinch an inch" method. The Accu-Measure Personal Body Fat Tester is a precision instrument which has been shown in clinical studies to be closer in accuracy to the "gold standard" underwater weighing than any of the more elaborate methods of measuring body fat (without the inconvenience, expense, trained personnel, and lack of privacy these methods entail). So whether you choose to use the Personal Body Fat Tester privately or with the help of someone else, just follow the simple steps below - it's as easy as ONE, TWO, THREE. Step 1 The site you will use for skinfold measurement is the suprailliac (approximately one inch above the right hipbone, see figure 1). Step 2 While standing, firmly pinch the suprailliac skinfold between your left thumb and forefinger, see figures 2 and 3. Place the jaws of the Personal Body Fat Tester over the skinfold, while continuing to hold the skinfold with the left hand, see figure 4. Step 3 Press with the thumb where indicated on the Personal Body Fat Tester until you feel a slight click. The slide member will automatically stop at the correct measurement, see figure 5. After reading your measurement, return the slide member to the far right starting position. Repeat three times and use the average as your measurement. Refer to the body fat interpretation chart to determine your body fat percentage and what it means.

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