Opti-Men Optimum Nutrition's Opti-Men combines Vitamins and Essential Minerals with a comprehensive array of herbs and other ingredients specifically designed for males. Suggested Use: As a supplement to the diet take 2-4 tablets daily, or use as directed by a licensed nutritionist or physician. Serving Size: 2 Tablets Servings Per Container: 60 Package Size: 120 Tablets Product Profile: Amount Per Serving % Daily Value Vitamin A 7,500 IU 150%* (as Betatene natural mixed carotenoids) Vitamin C (as ascorbic acid) 300 mg 500%* Vitamin D (as cholecalciferol) 200 IU 50%* Vitamin E (as d-alpha tocopherol succinate) 200 IU 670%* Vitamin K (as phytonadione) 75 mcg 90%* Thiamin (as thiamin hydrochloride) 30 mg 2000%* Riboflavin 30 mg 1760%* Niacin (as niacinamide) 30 mg 150%* Vitamin B6(as pyridoxine hydrochloride) 30 mg 1500%* Folic Acid 400 mcg 100%* Vitamin B12(as cyanocobalamin) 100 mcg 1670%* Biotin 250 mcg 80%* Pantothenic Acid (as d-calcium pantothenate) 30 mg 300%* Calcium (as calcium carbonate, citrate) 200 mg 20%* Iodine (as kelp) 150 mcg 100%* Magnesium (as magnesium aspartate) 100 mcg 25%* Zinc (as zinc citrate) 30 mg 200%* Selenium (as selenomethionine) 70 mcg 100%* Copper (as copper gluconate) 2 mg 100%* Manganese (as manganese gluconate) 5 mg 250%* Chromium (as chromium GTF) 120 mcg 100%* Molybdenum (as molybdenum A.A. chelate) 80 mcg 110%* Raw Oyster Concentrate 50 mg Saw Palmetto, powdered (berries) 100 mg Pygeum Africanum, powdered (bark) 70 mg Damiana, powdered (leaf) 100 mg Nettles, powdered (leaf) 30 mg Lycopene (as LYC-O-MATO natural tomato lycopene) 250 mcg Alpha-Carotene 140 mcg Cryptoxanthin 34 mcg Zeaxanthin 28 mcg Lutein 28 mcg Alpha Lipoic Acid 25 mg Citrus Bioflavonoids (fruit) 70 mg Grape Seed Extract 25 mg (Vitis vinifera) (seed) (standardized to 95% polyphenols) Deodorized Garlic, powdered (bulb) 50 mg Ginkgo Biloba, powdered (leaf) 70 mg Korean Ginseng, powdered (root) 100 mg PABA (para-aminobenzoic acid) 10 mg Choline (as choline bitartrate) 10 mg Inositol 10 mg Betatenenatural beta-carotene with mixed carotenoids (alpha-carotenee, zeaxanthin cryptoxanthin, lutein) is a registered trademark of Henkel Corporation. LYC-O-MATO is a trademark of LycoRed. * Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Daily Value not established Other Ingredients: Pharmaceutical Glaze, Stearic Acid, Magnesium Stearate, Croscarmellose Sodium (disintegrant), Silica. Opti-Pro Meal Optimum Nutrition is excited to introduce their new Opti-Pro Meal: A revolutionary high-protein, high-performance meal supplement. While whole foods are the preferred source of nutrition, as an active individual it isn't always practical to rely solely on these items to provide all of the nutrients that you need, in the macronutrient ratios you deserve, to maximize performance. That's why Optimum Nutrition created Opti-Pro Meal. Opti-Pro Meal isn't your typical supplement. It's a high-performance meal shake complete with: A highly-bioavailable Nitroplex Blend of 40 grams of slow and rapid release proteins from Whey, Egg, and Milk to help support the production and preservation of lean muscle. A unique Polysaccaride Matrix of linear and branched polymers of glucose and fructose for immediate and sustained energy. Patented Aminogen/Carbogen Enzyme System to accelerate the liberation of peptides/amino acids from proteins and help break down complex carbohydrates into subunits that can be oxidized for fuel in the Kreb's cycle. Inulin or fructooligosaccharides (FOS). A non-glycemic "functional food" that may help to improve mineral absorption and even support healthy immune function. Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAA's), Glutamine and Taurine to aid with post-workout recovery. Medium Chain Triglycerides (MCT's), also known as the water-soluble fat, for energy and to help reduce muscle catabolism. A comprehensive blend of fat- and water-soluble vitamins, electrolytes and other essential minerals to replenish losses incurred during intense training and to fill in nutritional "gaps" caused by skipping meals. Aminogen is a naturally derived plant enzyme. It may enable the body to utilize protein more efficiently, which can help build and repair muscles, reduce fatigue and increase energy levels. When taken with protein, Aminogen helps the body break peptide bonds, which attach amino acids to protein molecules. The resulting free-form amino acids are then absorbed directly into the bloodstream. Carbogen is a non-animal derived enzyme formulation. It is formulated to aid in the digestion of carbohydrates, allowing for more efficient utilization of carbs as energy. Carbogen helps the digestive system break down complex carbohydrates into simple carbohydrates. This allows for more carbohydrates to be used as energy. Carbogen may increase energy levels by allowing fiber to be converted to fuel and by producing higher blood glucose levels when taken with meals. Higher blood glucose levels may also aid in muscle recovery. Opti-Women Optimum Nutrition's Opti-Women combines Vitamins and Essential Minerals with Ostivone, Soy Isoflavones and much more to create an all-inclusive female formula. Suggested Use: Take 3 capsules daily, or use as directed by a licensed nutritionist or physician. Serving Size: 3 capsules Product Profile: Amount Per Serving %Daily Value Vitamin A 5,000 IU 100%* (as Betatenenatural mixed carotenoids) Vitamin C (as ascorbic acid) 250 mg 420%* Vitamin D (as cholecalciferol) 600 IU 150%* Vitamin E (as d-alpha tocopherol succinate) 200 IU 670%* Vitamin K (as phyonadione) 80 mcg 100%* Thiamin (as thiamin hydrochloride) 30 mg 2000%* Riboflavin 30 mg 1760%* Niacin (as niacinamide) 30 mg 150%* Vitamin B6 (as pyridoxine hydrochloride) 30 mg 1500%* Folic Acid 600 mcg 150%* Vitamin B12 (as cyanocobalamin) 100 mcg 1670%* Biotin 250 mcg 80%* Pantothenic Acid (as d-calcium pantothenate) 30 mg 300%* Calcium (as calcium carbonate, citrate) 150 mg 15%* Iron (as iron A.A. chelate) 18 mg 100%* Iodine (as kelp) 200 mcg 130%* Magnesium (as magnesium oxide, aspartate) 75 mg 20%* Zinc (as zinc citrate) 15 mg 100%* Selenium (as selenomethionine) 70 mcg 100%* Copper (as copper gluconate) 2 mg 100%* Manganese (as manganese gluconate) 10 mg 500%* Chromium (as chromium GTF) 120 mcg 100%* Molybdenum (as molybdenum A.A. chelate) 70 mcg 90%* Ostivone (as isopropoxy isoflavone) 20 mg Soy Isoflavones (as NovaSoy) 2 mg Lycopene(as LYC-O-MATO natural tomato lycopene) 250 mcg Alpha-Carotene 93.5 mcg Zeaxanthin 18.7 mcg Cryptoxanthin 22.8 mcg Lutein 14.5 mcg Chasteberry (Vitex agnus-castus) 100 mg 4:1 Berry Extract Grape Seed Extract 15 mg (vitis vinifera)(seed) (standardized to 95% polyphenois) Dong Quai (Angelica sinesis) 120 mg 4:1 Root Extract Horse Chestnut Extract 50 mg (Aesculus hippocastanum) (root) (standardized to 20% aescin) Butchers Broom, powdered (root) 25 mg Garcinia Extract 100 mg (Garcinia cambogia) (rind) (standardized to 52% HCA) Uva Ursi, powdered (leaf) 75 mg Alpha Lipoic Acid 25 mg Deodorized Garlic, powdered (bulb) 15 mg Citrus Bioflavonoids (fruit) 15 mg * Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Daily Value not established Other Ingredients: Gelatin, Microcrystalline Cellulose, Magnesium Stearate. Betatenenatural beta-carotene with mixed carotenoids (alpha-carotene, zeaxanthin, cryptoxanthin, lutein) is a registered trademark of Henkel Corporation. Nova Soy is a trademark of the Archer Daniels Midland Company. LYC-O-MATO is a trademark of LycoRed. Ostivone is a trademark of TSI, Inc. Pre-Load Creatine Complex from Optimum Nutrition Optimum Nutrition's Pre-Load Creatine Complex is one of the most effective creatine transport systems ever created. Pre-Load Creatine Complex combines pure Creatine Monohydrate with High Glycemic Index Carbohydrates, Taurine, Inosine, and Coenzyme Q10 to speed up the transport of creatine to the muscles, further enhance ATP production, and increase oxygen utilization. Pre-Load Creatine Complex tastes delicious and is completely free of artificial flavors, sweeteners and colors. Research has shown Creatine Monohydrate to be effective at increasing Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) levels in the muscle. ATP is a chemical produced naturally by your body that assists with explosive muscle contractions. The more ATP that is available to your muscles, the greater their capacity for heavy workloads. Pre-Load Creatine Complex combines 6 g of Creatine Monohydrate with 35 g of high glycemic carbohydrates and Taurine, to speed up the transport of creatine to the muscles. It also contains ATP precursors Coenzyme Q-10 and Inosine, which further enhance ATP production and increase oxygen utilization. Pre-Load Creatine Complex is an all natural product that tastes delicious. 4 lb. can Amount Per Serving %Daily Value Calories 140 Total Carbohydrate 34g 11%* Sugars 33g ^ Vitamin A 3590IU 70%* Phosphorus 239mg 25%* Magnesium 60mg 15%* Sodium 40mg ** Potassium 80mg 2% Creatine Monohydrate 6g ^ Taurine 1g ^ Inosine 100mg ^ Coenzyme Q10 5mg ^ * Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. ** Contains less than 2% of the Daily Value of this Nutrient. ^ Daily Value not established. Ingredients: Dextrose, Creatine Monohydrate, Natural Flavor, Taurine, monoMagnesium Phosphate, Beta Carotene, monoSodium Phosphate, diPotassium Phosphate, Citric Acid, Inosine, Coenzyme Q10. Suggested Use: Consume 20-25 g of Creatine Monohydrate for 4-5days to help promote muscle saturation. Maintain creatine levels with 1-2 servings per day, thereafter. For best results, take servings (in divided doses) with a sugary, non-acidic and non-caffienated beve Serving Size: 46 g (1 scoop) Package Size: 4 lbs Pro Complex Optimum Nutrition introduces a Bigger and Better Pro Complex. This advanced formula contains a 55 g multi-protein blend consisting of Whey Protein Isolates, Whey Protein Concentrate, Egg Albumen and Hydrolyzed Whey Peptides. More BCAA's and Glutamine give it an amazing amino acid profile. Now Aspartame Free, Pro Complex provides a comprehensive blend of vitamins and essential minerals and 250 mg of the patented digestive enzyme Aminogen in every serving! Best of all, it tastes great and is instantized to mix easily with a spoon! Ribose Ribose is a naturally occurring pentose sugar that serves as a precursor to the production of ATP, RNA and several other molecules essential to life. University studies suggest that supplemental Ribose (whether in powder, capsules or when combined with Creatine) may help to increase ATP levels following high-intensity exercise or periods of diminished blood flow. Product Profile: Amount Per Serving % Daily Value Calories 10 Total Carbohydrate 3 g 1%* Sugars 3 g D-Ribose 2.5 g * Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Daily Value not established Other Ingredients: Gelatin, Magnesium Stearate, Silica. Carbohydrates and Sugars in this product are derived entirely from D-Ribose. Use of D-Ribose by Optimum Nutrition is authorized by Bioenergy, Inc. under U.S. Patent Nos. 4,605,644; 4,719,201, and patents pending. The Ribose logo and FIND YOUR ENERGY are trademarks of Bioenergy, Inc. and Hormel Foods Corporation. Suggested Use: As a dietary supplement use 2-4 capsules daily. preferably before and/or after workouts, or as directed by a physician or licensed nutritionist. For best results, try using Ribose 2,500 mg Capsules with your favorite Creatine product. Serving Size: 2 Capsules (2500mg of Ribose) Package Size: 90 Capsules Ribose is a carbohydrate, or sugar, used by all living cells and is an essential componenet in our body's energy production. Supplemental ribose is a new nutraceutical product that helps the body naturally restore its energy level. It's used by the body's cells to form the primary source of all the body's energy - ATP. As a dietary supplement at recommended dosages, ribose provides known benefits by quickly restoring energy levels in heart and skeletal muscles. Until now, it wasn't available for sale as a dietary supplement, due to high production costs. Now ribose is sold over-the-counter; it doesn't require a prescription. Whether you're a high performance athlete looking for an extra boost, just feeling sluggish and run-down, or suffer form poor cardiovascular health, ribose may be the key to helping your body find its energy. If you're a serious athlete or simply serious about achieving peak performance, ribose may be an important supplement for you. Many athletes experience anoxia as the result of intense physical exercise. Anoxia occurs when muscles use oxygen faster than it can be supplied through the bloodstream. When intense exercise causes anoxia, ATP levels in the cells fall, and it will take several days to restore energy levels. Supplemental ribose helps rebuild the body's energy level. When anoxia occurs, ATP levels are lowered; the cells don't have enough oxygen to use the ATP, and ATP is then lost, washed away into the bloodstream. Research conducted at the State University of New York at Syracuse and the Copenhagen Muscle Research Center in Denmark shows that ATP levels in thigh muscle can be reduced by 21 percent following intense exercise. Other studies have found decreases of up to 47 percent in other muscles. Ribose is essential in helping the body restore its cellular energy level. The cells use ribose to convert nutrients in ATP, so it makes sense that more ribose means more ATP production. Research shows that ribose increases ATP production in both fast-twitch and slow-twitch muscles by 3.4 to 4.3 times. The catch is, the body only has so much ribose at any one time, and there's no food source that increases the body's ribose level. The good news is that supplemental ribose does just that. Weight lifters; sprinters; football, basketball and soccer players; triathletes; cyclists and other athletes requiring sudden high-energy bursts may benefit from supplemental ribose. Energy recovery in muscle cells during and after strenuous high-intensity exercise is enhanced with ribose supplementation. Ribose may enhance the effects of other energy supplements. Creatine is used by muscle cells to recycle ADP to ATP as a way to maintain high energy levels. But even with creatine supplementation, ATP and total adenine nucleotide (TAN) levels can decrease dramatically. If these compounds are lost, they are no further value to creatine, and no amount of creatine in the cell can replace them. Left unchecked, this drop in ATP and TAN pools lowers the muscles' energy charge. Ribose is effective in helping to save and rebuild these energy-producing compounds. The biochemical evidence is clear - creatine supplements alone cannot rebuild energy levels once substrate molecules are lost. Working in combination, ribose and creatine may offer new benefits that serious athletes can't ignore. The same is true for L-carnitine, pyruvate, pyruvate/creatine combinations or other energy supplements. While these compounds work on their own, their effectiveness is diminished as substrate molecules are lost - they cannot rebuild ATP levels. Ribose helps to rebuild these substrates, and increased substrate availability is key to maintaining peak energy charge and heart or skeletal muscle cell function. Under normal conditions, the body has all the ingredients it needs to produce ATP from digested foods or other energy stores in the body. For some people suffering from lack of energy, it's lack of oxygen that's the culprit. When our body's cells don't get all the oxygen they need from the bloodstream, they can't use their fuel, and ATP and other essential compounds are lost. Two different but related conditions can cause low oxygen levels in the body. One of these, ischemia, occurs when the heart can't get enough blood to the cells. Ischemia can be caused by a number of factors related to poor cardiovascular health. On the other end of the spectrum, people who are extremely fit can exercise past their heart's ability to get oxygen fast enough to the cells a condition known as anoxia. Either way, our cells, especially muscle cells and the cells in the heart itself don't get enough oxygen, and they start to lose ATP and other important compounds. The bottom line is this - if you're actively exercising, you're losing the compounds needed to maintain maximum energy levels in muscle cells. And if you suffer from poor circulation, the same thing is happening. According to the American Heart Association, 60 million Americans, more than one in four, suffer from cardiovascular disease. One result of poor cardiovascular health is ischemia, a condition where poor blood flow decreases the amount of oxygen reaching various tissues in the body. When ischemia occurs, the body's cells aren't getting the oxygen they need to properly burn energy-producing fuels (such as ATP), and have less energy available for normal, everyday life. In the heart, ischemic conditions may be caused by a number of factors, including coronary artery disease, infarction (caused by clotting in the heart) or cardiac surgery. When ischemia occurs, ATP levels may decrease by 50 percent or more, and research suggests that it may take seven to 10 days for ATP levels to return to normal. Researchers found that supplemental ribose allowed the heart to recover 85 percent of its ATP levels within 24 hours. Another study found that, following a heart attack, supplemental ribose helped ATP levels and heart function return to normal within two days; without supplemental ribose heart function was still depressed after four weeks. Supplemental ribose can help the heart rebuild energy, and millions of Americans may significantly benefit from its effects. Ribose may help dramatically improve the quality of life for persons suffering from certain cardiac conditions, and research shows it has a direct effect on heart function for persons suffering from ischemia. Ribose dose suggestions for sports nutrition Ribose increases both de novo synthesis and salvage of nucleotides in heart and skeletal muscle. Research conducted by Bioenergy, Inc., and others suggest that even low doses of ribose will have an effect on energy recovery following high-intensity exercise. Maintenance doses as low as two grams per day will increase recovery of lost nucleotides by increasing de novo synthesis and salvage of nucleotides that are in danger of being lost due to strenuous activity. Further, there appears to be a functional benefit of ribose loading prior to a high-intensity event. Bioenergy continues to investigate this effect. Doses greater than or equal to 2.2 grams per day should be enough to improve nucleotide synthesis and salvage during and following a high-intensity exercise session. The actual amount taken may depend on the degree of exercise activity and the speed at which the athlete wants to recover. Daily maintenance doses greater than or equal to 2.2 grams per day should keep ATP levels at their peak. Maintenance doses of ribose should be taken about 30 minutes following an exercise session. On days with no exercise scheduled, ribose should be taken in the evening before bedtime. However, ribose has been found to be most effective if taken both before and after a period of anaerobic metabolism. Therefore, for optimum result, a dose of 2.2 grams or more may be taken before exercise, followed by a similar dose after exercising. Long-term aerobic exercise also causes nucleotide depletion. Again, maintenance doses of 2.2 grams should be sufficient. However, additional does of 1.0 to 2.2 grams may be taken every hour of exercise for added benefit, such as a long-distance run or cycling event. Ribose dose suggestions for cardiovascular health Under conditions of cardiac insufficiencies, blood flow to the heart is diminished. Some individuals have known cardiac insufficiencies, while a great many others may not even know that such conditions exist. In either case, cardiac function may be diminished, energy stores may be low and recovery to peak levels may be slow or never achieved. For these individuals, even simple activities required for daily living may be difficult and exercise may not be tolerated. Energy recovery is certainly a major concern. Ribose increases both de novo and salvage of nucleotides in the heart, helps to optimize cardiovascular health, and maintain peak function. Doses greater than or equal to 2.2 grams per day should be enough to improve nucleotide synthesis and salvage and keep heart ATP levels at their peak. Ribose is only effective, however, if it can reach the cells requiring an energy boost. If circulation to portions of the heart is diminished, it may take longer for enough ribose to reach the affected areas. Therefore, larger doses may be required. In individuals who are concerned about their cardiovascular energy stores, are overly tired following exercise, or are not able to exercise as much or as hard as they like, higher doses may be necessary. For these individuals, it is suggested that they increase the frequency of dosage until they find a level most beneficial to them. In some, this may be 2.2 to 3.0 grams twice per day, but in others it may be more. Doses should be individually adjusted based on perceived benefit.

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